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Krakow Poland's Historic Destination
Second Largest City In Poland
Krakow is one of the oldest places in Poland and the country's second largest city. It has a population of over 750,000 people and it's history dates back to the 7th century.
Krakow is located along the Vistula River in the Lesser Poland region. It is currently one of the leading centres of Polish academic, cultural and artistic life and is one of Poland's most important economic cities.
Krakow was once the capital of Poland from 1038 to 1596 and is now the capital of the Lesser Poland Voivodeship. The city has come a long way over the years. It was once a Stone Age Settlement and is now Poland's second most important city.
The city began as a small village on Wawel Hill, along the Vistula River. It was reported as a busy trading center of Slavonic Europe in 965. It is believed that the Western Slavic tribe of Lechitians a.k.a. Poles, started living on the hill as early as the 7th century. Wawel has since been a symbolic place of great significance for all Polish people. It is a national sanctuary. The Royal Castle and the Wawel Cathedral are both located on the hill. Royal coronations have also taken place there since 1320.
Krakow was named after the legendary founder of the city, Krakus, a ruler of the tribe of Lichitians (Poles). In Polish, “Krakow” essentially means “Krak's town”. The city's full official name, used in ceremonial occasions, means “Royal Capital City of Krakow”.
Krakow is the unofficial cultural capital of Poland and was name the official European Capital of Culture for the year 2000. The city attracts more than 7 million visitors a year from Europe and all over the world. Some of the cities major landmarks include the Main Market Square, which is the most important market square of the Old Town in Krakow. It is a principle urban space located at the center of the city full of restaurants, shops, and hotels.
Other landmarks include the National Art Museum, the Zygmunt Bell, which is the largest of the five bells hanging in the Sigismund Tower of the Wawel Cathedral, and the medieval St Florian's Gate. The city also has several famous theatres including the Narodowy Stary Teatre, the Juliusz Slowacki Theatre, as well as the Opera Krakowska.
Krakow also has dozens of gardens, parks, and forests, the most beautiful being the Planty Park, Botanical Garden, Park Krakowski, Jordan Park, Blonia Park and Strzelecki Park.
Krakow is also twinned with more than 30 cities around the world including Bordeaux, France, Florence, Italy, San Fransisco, USA, and Seville, Spain.